Historical and monumental, a city whose fate turned her into a mountain stronghold.
The whole city of Guarda has always been a hymn to granite, sung in the Romantic art of the Mileu Chapel, the Gothic and Manueline style of its cathedral, and in the streets, squares and walls of its medieval citadel. This hymn had its echo in Neolithic times as well, with the Pêra do Moço dolmen and the polished stone axe heads exhibited in the Guard Museum. It continued down through the bronze age and the Roman period in the camps of Tintinolho and Jarmelo and in the stretch of Roman road beside the Dorna Fountain.
Finally in 1199, the second king of Portugal, Sancho I, founded the city, gave in the power of Bishop of Egitânia and dedicated a friendly rhyming song to it, in praise of an old love.
In the reigns of Afonso II and Afonso III, the walls were completed, at the time with five gates. Nowadays all that remains is the Ferreiros Tower and the Erva and d'El Rei gates, overloocked by the Keep and linked by a tracery of fascinating streets that serve the Jewis quarter and the baronial Largo do Paço do Biu, and among which Rua Direita, now Rua Francisco dos Passos, was the main street. In Praça Velha, or Praça Luís de Camões, what is today the Holy See was built from 1390 to 1540. Form that time on centuries have gone by, as have styles and monuments, but all of them are marked by their granite features, retained by the city for all time.